新永資訊有限公司


軟體資產管理家- 本公司可代為訂購國內外軟硬體
Tel:02-2597-1006   Fax:02-2597-1007

SimaPro 8

研究分析軟體
Research & Analysis Software

歡迎來電洽詢
TEL: 02-2597-1006

需要產品報價?

SimaPro 8  生命週期評估軟體

 

 

 

生命週期評估(Life Cycle Assessment, LCA) 是現今產品發展與設計所需參考的一項重要指標方針,美國環境毒物及化學協會將其定義為一個衡量產品生產或人類活動所伴隨之環境負荷的工具, 不僅需要了解整個生產過程的 能量原料需求量及環保排放量還要將這些能量 原料及排放量所造成的影響予以評估,並提出改善的機會與方法.生命週期評估已為一種廣泛運用在分析產品對環境之衝擊的工具, 再加上環保意識的高漲,國際企業對於產品是否符合的各國環保法規規範,作為一國際化產品,必須要對此做嚴正的重視。傳統的生命週期評估,花費大量的人力、財力、物力,因此存在著太高成本與耗費時間的問題,在生命週期資料的收集和闡釋兩方面,是最為耗用成本的階段。

SimaPro 軟體是由荷蘭Leiden大學於1990年開發出來,現今已發展至SimaPro 7 的版本在生命週期評估的領域中,屬於國際上相當普遍使用的軟體,這套系統除了具有生命週期盤查的資料外,同時也給予環境衝擊的評估,並可比較在不同程序及原物料中對於環境所產生的衝擊大小。軟體除了針對各種環境衝擊可以建立一個環境指標外,還以樹狀圖清楚的表示環境負荷,藉由樹狀圖清楚的表現出各個輸入的能量與物料的分支,並在各項分支的子系統中以衡量的方式,依據類似像溫度計的表達方式,快速的判斷該物料及能量對環境之衝擊性。

SimaPro具有以下特色:

1. 可以結合各項不同的產品在同一產品項當中,找出其產品的生命週期

2. 可以將產品進行分解,並將每一個分解的零件回收是否評估做環境上的考量

3. 進行多項不同廢棄物處理策略對於環境的影響

4. 對於環境衝擊評估可利用不同的特徵化、標準化及權重的方法

5. 可將分析的結果以不同的方式顯現並自動進行單位間的換算

6. 同時由多人建構,也可以進行分開保存多個不同的檔案

7. 可以建立多種環保法規資料庫,目前內建有歐盟、美國及ISO等規範 

 

This tool can be used for data exchange between different data formats. Converted files can be used in most LCA Software, including SimaPro. This tool is a stand-alone application and runs on most operating systems. The openLCA format converter can convert the following data:

  • EcoSpold01 to ILCD
  • EcoSpold02 to ILCD
  • ILCD to EcoSpold01
  • ILCD to EcoSpold02

 

Mapping Files for SimaPro 8.0.4 Users

In the context of the Environmental Footprint Pilot Project, you need to convert your life cycle inventory models to ILCD format. SimaPro does not support export in ILCD format, but does support export in EcoSpold 1 format. With the format converted, you can easily convert your data from SimaPro.

 

Version 3.0 of the openLCA converter did not completely map all substances and their (sub)compartments between SimaPro and the ILCD format. To address this problem, PRé has created additional mapping files that properly map the data used in SimaPro to the ILCD format. To allow you to use these new mapping files, the openLCA format converter has been updated to version 3.1.

·        
What's new in the software
We have found and fixed a few bugs in SimaPro, which might affect calculation results for some users.  This update also includes the TRACI 2 method (which was pre-released January 2012), which focuses specifically on North America and an update to the USLCI library adding 45 electricity mixes for different regions.
 
Method updates
 
·         TRACI 2
The new TRACI 2 method was included in SimaPro. The toxicity impact categories were taken directly from the USEtox (recommended + interim) method:
• human toxicity cancer
• human toxicity non-cancer
• ecotoxicity
Characterization factors were added for aggregated substances and compounds (see documentation inside the method for details). More information will become available through the US EPA.
 
·         Minor Updates to:
• Ecological scarcity
• EDIP 2003
• ReCiPe
• Selected LCI results
See the documentation tab of the methods for the changes to these methods.
 
Library update: USLCI Library
Electricity models for different states and regions were added, plus some additional processes. For detailed documentation, please visit the www.nrel.gov/lci.
 
Bug fixes:
A number of these bug fixes were already implemented in the patch released January 2012.  The software update 7.3.3 contains these and more fixes.
 
·         Incorrect results for “End-of-life” in some cases.
In specific circumstances SimaPro did not calculate a part of the “End-of-Life” of an LCA model correctly. This problem had to do with the calculation of material-flows that are handled by waste scenario and waste treatment processes. It only occurred when using materials in assemblies together with waste scenario processes for modeling the waste handling and if these waste scenarios contain specific waste output flows that are assigned to a specific material and not to a waste type or to "all waste types".

The effect of this bug is a lower amount of waste treated by one or more waste scenarios and waste treatment processes which resulted in lower process contribution, inventory and impact assessment results.
 
·         Elementary flows problem resulting in Impact Assessment results of 0 for some impact categories.
If SimaPro was used in a language other than English and a CSV file was imported, a “translation error" occurred in the main compartment names. This led to the creation of duplicate elementary flows and problems with Elementary flow IDs, which were stored in the SimaPro database. Impact Assessment methods didn’t recognize the substances anymore, causing calculation results of 0 for some impact categories.

The patched version of SimaPro contains a function which searches and corrects these errors in the database upon first opening of the database. No other user may be logged into the database when the errors are repaired.

Another problem that could occur when importing a CSV-file is that new imported processes contained flows without a substance name and sub-compartment name.
 
·         Waste type "not defined" translated when exported.
Exporting to a language other than English created a translation error; waste type “not defined” was translated. SimaPro did not recognize this translated text as a product without a waste type but created a new waste type with the name of the translation of “not defined”.
 
·         Problem with the Exclude Infrastructure option.
The Exclude Infrastructure option did not always work correctly, in some cases infrastructure processes were included in a calculation regardless if this option was set or not.
 
·         Exceptions when reading a mapping file are not displayed.
When using an invalid mapping file SimaPro raised an unhandled exception.
 
·         Incomplete conversion of uncertainty data when exporting to EcoSpold format.
Whereas SimaPro allows the use of different units within a quantity (for example mg, g, kg, ton for quantity mass), EcoSpold demands the use of default units (kg). On export to Ecospold format, all amounts are converted by SimaPro to the correct value corresponding to the unit. This did not work correctly for the min-max uncertainty data in Triangle or Uniform distributions.